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moncler jackets outlet online 2 points submitted 6 months agoIn the American political science literature the predominant paradigm is the Michigan Model which essentially argues that all candidate and policy preferences (which may not include all of a persons beliefs and preferences but certainly covers a great deal of it) are essentially partisan.Campbell, Converse, Miller, and Stokes argue discount moncler jackets in their book The American Voter (wikisum) that, in short, we perceive everything through a partisan lens. That partisan ID is, essentially, inherited from ones parents who impress their ID moncler sale upon their children and is unlikely to change. As you have probably observed, party platforms change with time and, as a result, new issues become salient and as moncler online store these changes to the party occur an individuals noncompliant preferences are disproportionately culled moncler sale outlet and replaced with preferences that comport with the partisan ID.Lewis Beck, Jacoby, Norpoth, Weisberg (U. of Mich. Press) duplicated Campbell et al. findings using moncler usa election survey data from 2000 moncler sale online and 2004. There is pretty extensive body of literature building on The American Voter in the political science literature.I should also point out cheap moncler jackets mens that in political science the Michigan Model (Campbell et al. and Lewis Beck et al. are from U. of Mich.) supplanted the Columbia model of Lazarsfeld and Berelson (wikisum) which argued that group association was the most significant factor driving our preferences. Thus, our preferences are for the most utility maximizing alternative. Although, the empirical evidence of this uk moncler sale at the individual level of uk moncler outlet analysis is pretty weak and questions of uncertainty pose a real problem for proponents of rational choices models (not that they haven tried to address these issues). 1 point submitted 8 months agoI think generally, that it is an ill advised idea for anyone to offer advice on the medical treatment of a third party over the internet. Period.That said you should consider the ethical issues, even just on your end, with regards to asking the internet cheap moncler jackets questions about about (not yours mind you) but, your supposed friends health, even anonymously this is very troubling ethically.That said cheap moncler jackets womens let assume for the sake of continuing this comment that your friend who is anxious about her treatment didn just ask you for your opinion but instead gave you explicit permission to pose the question to the whole of the internet. /r/asksocialscience would still not be an appropriate venue. The rules (7) specifically prohibits questions about personal problems. Not to mention the fact that there is nothing novel about this question (per the very relaxed rule 2).What alternatives you have is not my problem.And yes, legislatures (and the congress) have polarized substantially. DW NOMINATE data on legislative voting behavior demonstrates a recent trend towards a highly polarized congress. Not all state legislatures are as polarized (see Shor McCarty) but nationally this is certainly the case. DW NOMINATE has moncler outlet sale put out this great video moncler outlet prices (you can see it on youtube here) that demonstrates the ideological movement of legislators in congress over time (from the 1st to the 111th legislature).What we see amongst the voter however is maybe more of a faux moncler uk outlet dealignment. Which is to say that people claim to identify less with either political party thusly, reporting themselves as being “independent”. We can see this cheap moncler coats mens trend clearly in the surveys (see 2015 Gallup Poll).However the prevailing models of electoral behavior cast a great deal of doubt on this being anything more than the electorate signally displeasure (perhaps over legislative polarization) while otherwise doing moncler outlet online what they always done. Campbell et al. The American Voter (which is the seminal electoral behavior work in contemporary american political science) argues that partisan identification is so stable that it is essentially inherited cheap moncler sale via a process of socialization and from one own parents. They then go on to point out that all political preferences and decisions are then viewed through that inherited partisan lens. So while we see people self reporting less affiliation with either party than we did before we don see people behaving any differently. In fact, when we consider partisan leanings amongst independents (meaning: whether independents “lean democrat” or “lean republican”) we don see any added likelihood of the voters “switching” parties. In fact, we see most independents moncler womens jackets consistently vote for one party or the other based on their leanings in precisely the thebeastmark way Campbell model suggested they would.Thad Beyle is most well known for tracking the institutions that result in “more or less power”. He retired now but, he has summary data published in the book of the moncler outlet states. Beyle looks at the number of high profile appointments, term limits, veto strength, term lengths, and budget responsibility to “rank” governor power.Personally, I think there needs to be a more nuanced nationwide analysis of the “checks and balances” across state legislatures as well. Which is what I am working on at the moment. So I looking closely at the heterogeneity of the legislative oversight of administrative rules processes right best moncler jackets now in my own work.That said:MA almost certainly the strongest governor per Beyle.My own work adds additional evidence to this (there is, relatively, no formal review of executive agencies by the MA legislature, and their analytic bureaucracies are in relative disarray. Audrey Wall provides some summary data on the broad review processes available in the Book of the States 2016 (link below).AK, WV, MD (in addition to NJ) round out the top 5.Gov. Brownback in Kansas is also very powerful.CT, IN, RI, TX, MS, AL, OK, NC are all very weak moncler outlet woodbury governorships according to Beyle.ASAPDarl 3 points submitted 9 months agoAs a political science student at UGA, I was told that the Georgia governor is stronger than other southern governors because of the line item veto. It was explained that southern governors as a whole are weaker because the Federal government wanted to disarm the states in order to make Reconstruction easier; one piece of evidence here is that we elect virtually every cabinet level member that would normally be appointed in most states. Is there any truth to the Reconstruction claim? 4 points submitted 9 months agoYeah, that true in part. The North didn force weak governorship upon the south though. The south weakened their own governorships immediately following reconstruction. Reconstruction helped consolidate conservative political support inside the south. Conservative (Southern Democrats) lawmakers were able to utilize their new post reconstruction moncler outlet store political strength to consolidate power. You may remember this vaguely from your PS and History classes: that, the south (specifically the Southern Democrats) hurried to pass Jim Crowe Laws in order to enforce local segregation. However, in addition Southern Democrats quickly moved to pass new state constitutions in the south in hopes of consolidating their new found political power and strengthening the state legislature (which they controlled) moncler jackets outlet online.