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canada goose outlet winnipeg It was easy to forget that this week saw the 20th anniversary of another momentous Irish referendum. Oddly enough, it is all the easier to forget because this one was almost canada goose coats eerily consensual. canada goose outlet winnipeg

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canada goose outlet store toronto What proposition could possibly be so bland and uncontentious that Irish people couldn’t be bothered to have a decent row about it? Nothing less than the bloodiest, bitterest and most fiercely contested issue of uk canada goose outlet all, one that made the abortion wars seem like a lover’s tiff. One for which a real civil war had been fought. canada goose outlet store toronto

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canada goose outlet online uk What was at stake in the vote on the 19th Amendment to the Constitution was nothing less than the definition of Irish nationalism. One was to approve the relatively minor Amsterdam Treaty uk canada goose of the European Union. The other was a huge change to the very definition of the State itself. Voters were asked to remove canada goose outlet the keystones of amon de Valera’s 1937 Constitution, articles 2 and 3, and replace them with radically new versions. They did so with overwhelming enthusiasm. canada goose outlet online uk

canada goose outlet usa But as Brexit brings the existential questions canada goose clearance of Irish nationhood back into play, we might look back and wonder. It may be an impertinent question to pose in a democracy but it has to be asked: did we really think about what we were voting for? Do we really understand just what a revolutionary change Irish Canada Goose Online nationalism was making in its official self definition? canada goose outlet usa

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canada goose parka uk What happened through that referendum was not just a new definition of Irish nationalism. It was arguably a new way of thinking about nationalism itself. It didn’t just shift the ground it shifted away from the ground. It stopped thinking about nationalism as being a claim to land, a title to territory, and started thinking about it as process of reconciliation. canada goose parka uk

canada goose outlet 80 off The old articles 2 and 3 were classic territorial claims canada goose outlet 80 off

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canada goose outlet las vegas The old articles 2 and 3 were classic buy canada goose jacket cheap territorial claims. They said, respectively, that “The national territory consists of the whole island of Ireland, its islands and the territorial seas” and canada goose factory sale that the laws made in Dublin would have effect south of the Border “Pending the re integration of the national territory, and without prejudice to the right of the parliament and government established by this Constitution to exercise jurisdiction over the whole territory”. canada goose outlet las vegas

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canada goose jacket outlet And instead of the claims in article 3 about “jurisdiction canada goose over the whole territory”, the new version expresses “the firm will of the Irish nation, in harmony and friendship, to unite all the people who share the territory of the island of Ireland, in all the diversity of their identities and traditions, recognising that a united Ireland shall be brought about only by peaceful means with the consent of a majority of the people, democratically expressed, in both jurisdictions in the island”. canada goose jacket outlet

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canada goose outlet edmonton And in the most radical move of all, we set in constitutional stone an acceptance that “all the people” is not the same thing as “the people”, for that “all” is echoed in the key phrase about “all the diversity canada goose black friday sale of their identities and traditions”. canada goose outlet edmonton

canada goose outlet houston In the long tradition of nationalism since the 18th century, “the people” is a single thing that must not be subdivided. Do we collectively grasp the idea that Irish nationalism no longer claims to integrate a territory but rather Canada Goose sale desires to unite a diverse people in harmony and friendship? canada goose outlet houston

canada goose outlet us Do we really understand that Irish unity can no longer be imagined as the creation of a monolithic identity but must instead be understood as the reconciliation of multiple identities? canada goose outlet us

canada goose outlet phone number In fairness, it is not entirely the fault of Irish nationalism that there is a tendency to slip back into old habits of mind. The violence that Brexit does to the island of Ireland is precisely that it re territorialises the Irish question. It throws us back on to the ground by forcing us to ask how that ground is divided, bordered, controlled, policed. canada goose outlet phone number

canada goose outlet in new york We can see already Brexit is forcing Catholics in Northern Ireland to think about a United Ireland even when they don’t want to. One of the most interesting details in the fascinating study of attitudes published this week by researchers at Queen’s University Belfast is just how big a difference Brexit makes. canada goose outlet in new york

buy canada goose uk Only 28 per cent of Catholics in the North would vote for a united Ireland if the UK buy canada goose jacket changed its mind and remained a full member of the EU. The radical changes of 20 years ago came at the cost of more than 3,500 lives in the Troubles. It was necessary to think differently in order to escape from a hellish trap. And it is still necessary to think differently in order to avoid the danger of returning to one buy canada goose uk.